SLAM [Student Liberation Action Movement]
This was a multiracial radical student organization based in colleges in New York City from 1996 to 2004, especially Hunter College in Manhattan.
In early 1995 the City University of New York (CUNY) announced a major tuition increase and threatened to end (and later did end) the policy of open admissions, which had been won through earlier student stuggles in 1969. In response the students, under the leadership of an ad hoc coalition, organized a protest of 20,000 people which surrounded City Hall. This demonstration was attacked by the police, but the coalition continued and in 1996 transformed itself into the Student Liberation Action Movement. The group spread to CUNY colleges in all parts of New York City, and worked to construct a “left culture” among students. But over time the movement gradually lost force, and SLAM was disbanded in 2004. It did, however, leave a powerful imprint upon the many college students involved.
See also: http://SLAMherstory.wordpress.com for an oral history project by many of the women students involved in SLAM.
See: SWIDDEN AGRICULTURE
The first form of class society, based on private ownership of property and the outright ownership and exploitation of individuals of one class (the slaves) by individuals (or groups of individuals) of another class (the slave owners). Slave society developed out of primitive communal society, and was replaced by feudalism.
See also: CHATTEL SLAVERY
SLAVERY — In the Age of Capitalism
Of course capitalism itself is another form of slavery, appropriately called wage slavery by Marx. But even chattel slavery has continued to exist to a very wide extent well into what we call the capitalist era, as has feudalism. The historian Adam Hochschild notes that even by the end of the eighteenth century well over three-quarters of all the people in the world were in bondage of one sort or another, either as slaves or serfs. [Bury the Chains (2005), p. 2.]
And still today, chattel slavery is surprisingly common, though nowhere is it the dominant form of exploitation any more. Sometimes people being held in slave conditions (often as prostitutes) are even found in advanced capitalist countries like the United States. According to the Global Slavery Index (http://www.globalslaveryindex.org/), as of 2016 about 45.8 million people in 167 countries are enslaved through forced labor, debt bondage or human trafficking. This includes over 18,350,000 people in India alone.
See: BLIND FOLLOWERS
[To be added...]
See also: FAVELA
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